Tools And Research Material
Post pictures of your items and ask questions or just
learn from reading the posts from others
View or upload ads from antique magazines
& Socket Bases
View images of the most well known bulb and socket bases
Lets You Pull Up Any Patent PDF File Or Link One Directly
To Your Web Page
Group Patent Dbase
You Download The First Page Patent Picture Of Every Patent On A Single
Day To View On Quickly Your Local Computer
You Search For Patents Using Advanced Methods And Provides Hyper Links
To The Patent Office And Google Patents
& Electrical Manufacturer's Items And Their History
- This section will allow you to date
and learn how to tell one GECO socket from the other.
This is where this site started from. Since this page
was done, there has been much more Hubbell history and information
found which will make for a complete redesign of this page and section
in the soon future.
This section has some early patent research on Hubbell.
It is mostly complete with only a few missing patents which will be
added in when this section is re done into the new format
NEW - A history of The
Wheeler Reflector Company and tips on how to tell if mirror has been
replaced on a shade
This section is a lot of incomplete
work and will be updated shortly. For now it serves to give you some
extended information on some companies, but will be a much better
tool when it is complete
This section is everything you ever wanted to know about the National
Electrical Code (NEC) but had no one to ask. Downloads of old NEC's,
meetings and much extended information is provided.
And Early Lighting History
The Lighting Time Table
read the entire tutorial, you can just click on the first link and
then continue to the next section at the bottom of each page. Or,
you can select links below of interest to you.
PRE 1900 SECTION
About Early Electric Lighting, Generators, Arc Lamps,
The First Edison Socket, Menlo Park, etc.
About The Start Of The First Incandescent Lighting
About Early Light Bulbs And Candle Power vs. WATTS
About Sigmund Bergmann And The Start Of Bergmann
And Company Lighting Fixtures
A Quick Break Down Of Different Lighting Time Periods
1881 to 1884
Bergmann Fixtures And Styles
About Early Companies That Sold Lighting Systems
And The Fixtures That They Sold With Their Lighting Systems
U.S. Elect. Co.
The United States Electric Company History And Early
Brush Elect. Co.
The Brush Electric Company History And Early Items
The Thomson-Houston Electric Company History And
About The Westinghouse Manufacturing Company History
And Early Mergers
About The Start Of Electrical Supply Houses and
how new lighting styles came about
About Early Light Sockets And How To Tell The Difference
Above are catalog items sold in different years. There is no space
to duplicate items, so only new and unique items from each year
are shown. You would need to view the catalogs for yourself to be
complete as I am only highlighting items. You can view catalogs
About The Victor Shade Holder, Atwood And The Standard
Frink 1899 Items
Frink & Wheeler
Three Links About Mirror Reflector Manufacturers
And Their Items And History.
NEW - A history of The
Wheeler Reflector Company and tips on how to tell if mirror has
been replaced on a shade
Early Desk Lamps
Some Help In Telling Them Apart
Vitrite And Luminoid
About The Vitrite Holders And Early Vitrite History
About Brush-Swan Shade Holders
My cord pendant adjuster project, as well as a good
history about them.
POST 1900 SECTION
This section covers a basic into into the 1900 section
covering information about the 1899 transition, electrical code
changes, lighting influence, sharing and licensing of patents and
then into the new section of electrical specialty manufacturers,
Electrical Specialty Manufacturers
This section covers some early history periods of
pre Hubbell-Grier, Hubbell-Grier, Harvey Hubbell, Hubbell Company.
It also covers a number of items that helped change lighting styles,
This section covers some early history periods for
the Benjamin Electric MFG. Co, as well as a small section on Dale
and The Federal Electric Company
This post 1900 section continues to be under current
Please Check Back.
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H. G. (Holmes & Gale)
Consolidated Electric Manufacturing Co.
December 27th 1890 the ad shown below appeared in The Electrical
World Magazine. Not much is known about The Consolidated Electric
Manufacturing Co., and there are no patents assigned to it.
It may have been a short lived company or partnership between
Arnold B. Holmes of Boston and George F. Gale of Winthrop
Massachusetts. There are no individual patents assigned to
either person and only two other 1890 patents which contain
both Holmes and Gale as the inventors. The first patent is
for the socket pictured in the ad below patent No. 427,514
which was applied for Oct. 24th 1889 and approved on May 6
1890. Patent No. 431,141 was for an electric call box and
was applied for on Feb. 27 1890 and Approved on July 1 1890.
The last patent, No. 460,968 was for a fuse box that was applied
for on April 15 1890 and approved on October 13 1891.
Since there are no other patents after this date; And the
fact that a new porcelain socket was not patented after 1892,
it is safe to assume that the company was out of business
around that time. Also, it is common knowledge that companies
that make exaggerated claims, do not stay in business long.
Their claim to be "THE ONLY RELIABLE LAMP SOCKET IN EXISTENCE"
as shown in this ad, gives us some insight to their 'flimflam'
type of advertising which normally would tunnel down to the
owners of the company. By the date 1890 we have many examples
of "RELIABLE" sockets such as Perkins, Bryant, Thomson-Houston,
Edison and other socket manufacturers. If their claim was
true, Holmes and Gale would have survived the test of time.
Needless to say though, this is an extremely rare and unique
1889 H. G. Stamped Brass Key Socket
example shown on your left is (to this date), the only known
example of a Holmes and Gale stamped brass key socket.
There are also no known examples of the hard rubber key or keyless
sockets in any collections.
Please contact us if you find any of these sockets in the hands
of other collectors.
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